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and defence. 9 Contents Nomenclature See also: Names of the Greeks The first use of the term "Byzantine" to label the later years of the Roman Empire was in 1557, when the German historian Hieronymus Wolf published his work Corpus Histori Byzantin, a collection of historical sources. 284 See also Annotations "Romania" was a popular name of the empire used mainly unofficially, which meant "land of the Romans"., it occasionally appears in official Byzantine documents as well. In an effort to demonstrate the Emperor's role as the leader of the Christian world, John marched into the Holy Land at the head of the combined forces of the Empire and the Crusader states ; yet despite his great vigour pressing the campaign, his. By 1168, nearly the whole of the eastern Adriatic coast lay in Manuel's hands. 174 Some Western troops arrived to bolster the Christian defence of Constantinople, but most Western rulers, distracted by their own affairs, did nothing as the Ottomans picked apart the remaining Byzantine territories. The Byzantine Empire in 650 Because of the ByzantineSasanian War of 602628 both Byzantines and Persians exhausted themselves and made them vulnerable for the expansion of the Caliphate. 98 Wars against the Bulgarian Empire Further information: ByzantineBulgarian wars Emperor Basil II (r. 28 Decentralization of power See also: Byzantium under the Constantinian and Valentinian dynasties To maintain control and improve administration, various schemes to divide the work of the Roman Emperor by sharing it between individuals were tried between 285 and 324, from 337 to 350, from. The Inheritance of Rome, Chris Wickham, Penguin Books Ltd.
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89 Although the Empire was significantly smaller than during the reign of Justinian, it had regained significant strength, as the remaining territories were less geographically dispersed and more politically, economically, and culturally integrated. Imperial authority was severely weakened, and the growing power vacuum at the center of the Empire encouraged fragmentation. Byzantium and the Crusades (2nd.). 98 Relations with the Kievan Rus' Rus' under the walls of Constantinople (860) Between 8, the Empire developed a mixed relationship with the new state of the Kievan Rus', which had emerged to the north across the Black Sea. New York: Random House Incorporated. He likes to be able to understand things. "Sublime Diplomacy: Byzantine, Early Modern, Contemporary". Of the three successor states, Epirus and Nicaea stood the best chance of reclaiming Constantinople. 9761025) The traditional struggle with the See of Rome continued through the Macedonian period, spurred by the question of religious supremacy over the newly Christianised state of Bulgaria. Kean, Roger Michael (2006).
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